Definition of the term (“What is GMP?”)

GMP stands for “Good Ma­nu­fac­tu­ring Prac­ti­ce”. Thus, GMP in­cludes gui­de­lines and re­gu­la­ti­ons that must al­ways be fol­lo­wed when com­pa­nies are in­vol­ved in the ma­nu­fac­tu­ring and hand­ling of pro­ducts that, in the broa­dest sen­se, can af­fect people’s qua­li­ty of life. The­se in­clude, for ex­am­p­le, me­di­ci­ni­cal pro­ducts and food­s­tuffs, but also cos­me­tics. Sin­ce qua­li­ty de­via­ti­ons can have a di­rect im­pact on hu­man he­alth, qua­li­ty assu­rance plays a cen­tral role, espe­ci­al­ly in phar­maceu­ti­cal manufacturing.

Why is GMP important?

GMP is cri­ti­cal for se­ve­ral re­asons. It pro­tects con­su­mers by en­su­ring that pro­ducts are safe to con­su­me. It main­ta­ins the in­te­gri­ty of the ma­nu­fac­tu­ring pro­cess and re­du­ces the risk of con­ta­mi­na­ti­on or de­via­ti­ons. And GMP com­pli­ance is of­ten a le­gal re­qui­re­ment in many industries.

The main principles of GMP

  • Do­cu­men­ta­ti­on and re­cor­ding: One of the fun­da­men­tal prin­ci­ples of GMP is tho­rough do­cu­men­ta­ti­on. Each step of the ma­nu­fac­tu­ring pro­cess must be do­cu­men­ted and kept on file to enable tracea­bi­li­ty and accountability. 
  • Qua­li­ty con­trol: Qua­li­ty con­trol is at the he­art of GMP. It in­vol­ves strict test­ing and the in­spec­tion of pro­ducts to en­su­re they meet pre­de­fi­ned spe­ci­fi­ca­ti­ons. De­via­ti­ons from the­se stan­dards re­sult in cor­rec­ti­ve actions. 
  • Trai­ning of staff: The per­sons in­vol­ved in the ma­nu­fac­tu­ring pro­cess play a cru­cial role. Pro­per trai­ning en­su­res that em­ployees are awa­re of and com­ply with GMP requirements. 
  • Main­ten­an­ce of plants and equip­ment: Re­gu­lar main­ten­an­ce of ma­nu­fac­tu­ring fa­ci­li­ties and equip­ment is cri­ti­cal to pre­vent con­ta­mi­na­ti­on and to en­su­re pro­duct consistency.

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Our di­gi­tiza­ti­on so­lu­ti­ons pri­ma­ri­ly ad­dress do­cu­ment-ba­sed pro­ces­ses in ma­nu­fac­tu­ring, pro­duc­tion and qua­li­ty ma­nage­ment. The ba­sis of the dls | eQMS is a ho­li­stic ECM/DMS sys­tem. The ECM/DMS sys­tem can be con­nec­ted to your exis­ting ERP sys­tem (e.g. SAP) and thus map al­most all do­cu­ment-ba­sed pro­ces­ses in the company.

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GMP in different industries 

GMP is a di­ver­se con­cept that is used in va­rious industries:

  • Phar­maceu­ti­cals: In the phar­maceu­ti­cal in­dus­try, GMP is a cor­ner­stone. It gua­ran­tees that me­di­ci­nes are safe and ef­fec­ti­ve, gi­ving con­su­mers con­fi­dence in their treatments. 
  • Food pro­duc­tion: GMP is also of cri­ti­cal si­gni­fi­can­ce in the food in­dus­try. It en­su­res the qua­li­ty and safe­ty of food pro­ducts and pre­vents con­ta­mi­na­ti­on and food­bor­ne illness. 
  • Cos­me­tics: Cos­me­tics are also sub­ject to GMP re­gu­la­ti­ons. This en­su­res that the skin­ca­re and be­au­ty pro­ducts that con­su­mers use meet the hig­hest standards.


In a world whe­re pro­duct qua­li­ty and safe­ty are top prio­ri­ties, GMP stands as a guar­di­an. It is a set of prin­ci­ples that en­su­re ma­nu­fac­tu­ring pro­ces­ses meet the hig­hest stan­dards and be­ne­fit con­su­mers and in­dus­tries ali­ke. By im­ple­men­ting GMP, com­pa­nies do not only meet re­gu­la­to­ry re­qui­re­ments, but also build trust with their cus­to­mers and pro­mo­te long-term success.

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What are the con­se­quen­ces of non-com­pli­ance with GMP re­gu­la­ti­ons?
Fail­ure to com­ply with GMP re­gu­la­ti­ons can re­sult in pro­duct re­calls, le­gal pe­n­al­ties, re­pu­ta­tio­nal da­ma­ge and, in ex­tre­me ca­ses, con­su­mer harm.

Is GMP a glo­bal stan­dard?
Yes, GMP prin­ci­ples are re­co­gni­zed and ap­pli­ed world­wi­de, alt­hough spe­ci­fic re­gu­la­ti­ons may vary by coun­try or region.

How can a com­pa­ny im­ple­ment GMP ef­fec­tively?
The ef­fec­ti­ve im­ple­men­ta­ti­on of GMP re­qui­res tho­rough trai­ning, do­cu­men­ta­ti­on, qua­li­ty con­trol, and con­ti­nuous im­pro­ve­ment processes.

Are GMP re­gu­la­ti­ons sta­tic or do they evol­ve over time?
GMP re­gu­la­ti­ons are not sta­tic. They evol­ve to ad­apt to chan­ging in­dus­try trends, tech­no­lo­gi­cal ad­van­ces, and emer­ging risks.

Can small com­pa­nies com­ply with GMP re­gu­la­ti­ons?
Yes, GMP prin­ci­ples can be ad­apt­ed to the size and com­ple­xi­ty of a com­pa­ny. Small busi­nesses can also be­ne­fit from com­ply­ing with the­se stan­dards to en­su­re pro­duct qua­li­ty and safety.

How is a qua­li­ty ma­nage­ment sys­tem re­le­vant to GMP com­pli­ance?
Com­pa­nies in the afo­re­men­tio­ned in­dus­tries must im­ple­ment GMP-com­pli­ant qua­li­ty ma­nage­ment in or­der to en­su­re the re­qui­red pro­duct qua­li­ty and to meet the le­gal re­qui­re­ments for mar­ke­ting the pro­ducts. A GMP-com­pli­ant qua­li­ty ma­nage­ment sys­tem con­sists of se­ve­ral ele­ments, such as do­cu­ment ma­nage­ment for spe­ci­fi­ca­ti­on do­cu­ments. Re­qui­re­ments in­clude that spe­ci­fi­ca­ti­on do­cu­ments such as work in­s­truc­tions, pro­cess in­s­truc­tions, forms, etc. must be ver­si­on-con­trol­led and sub­ject to a de­fi­ned life cy­cle. The­se do­cu­ments must also have an au­dit trail that logs all ac­tions, espe­ci­al­ly ch­an­ges. Wi­t­hout com­pli­ance with GMP re­gu­la­ti­ons, no com­pa­ny will be gran­ted per­mis­si­on to ma­nu­fac­tu­re phar­maceu­ti­cal products.

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Corrective action

De­fi­ni­ti­on of the term (“What is a cor­rec­ti­ve ac­tion?”) In ISO 9000, a cor­rec­ti­ve ac­tion is de­scri­bed as “ac­tion ta­ken to eli­mi­na­te the cau­se of

Document Management System (DMS)

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